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History of Lisbon, Portugal

Things to do in Lisbon, Portugal History

In creating our Lisbon Tourist Scavenger Hunt, we dug into the city’s history so as to properly contextualize our tour. It is important for us. At most of the 30 stops along the tour, we explain the history of a site, monument, or person. This allows us to fully show you their significance.

Lisbon is the capital of Portugal and is located on the Atlantic coast. It is a city with several hills.

History of Lisbon

Things to do in Lisbon, Portugal HistoryLisbon traces its history to 1200 BC with the presence of a Phoenician trading post. Its name was Olissipo.

The Roman Empire took control of the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal), around 200 BC and kept it until 409 AD. There were already 30,000 inhabitants in 200 BC., Lisbon was a Christian city at the time.

Then, the gothic and barbarian empires and kingdoms conquered and ruled the area, one after the another until in 711 when Berber and Arab Muslims conquered the region.

Norway briefly controlled Lisbon in 1108 during their crusade to the holy lands. The Almoravids, another Berber Muslim dynasty, commonly known as the Moors (Moors) regained control from 1111 until 1147.

In 1147, Knights of the crusade led by Afonso I reconquered Lisbon and brought it back under Christian control. The population at that time is 154,000. Mosques were either destroyed or converted into churches. The Arabic that had been spoken here for 400 years disappeared quickly.

During the age of discovery, Lisbon launched several expeditions of naval exploration. Among its explorers is notably Vasco da Gama (1460-1469), 1st Tale of Vidigueira, first European to go to India by sea in 1498, bypassing by the southern tip Africa. The exchange agreement with India, as well as the numerous trading posts established in Asia (Indian Ocean) and Brazil, made Portugal very rich, very quickly.

But, little by little, the French, British, and Dutch chipped away at Portugal’s trade dominance. During a succession crisis, Portugal lost its independence and fell under the Habsburg-Spanish rule in 1580 for 60 years. Their ensuing war for restoration lasted between 1640 and 1668.

Napoleon Bonaparte, in turn, invaded Portugal at the beginning of the 19th century, forcing Queen Maria I and Prince Regent John VI (Joao VI) to flee to Brazil for a few years.

Portugal became a republic in 1908, but fell under the dictatorial regime of Estado Novo, Salazarism, between 1926 and 1974. The Carnation Revolution let to the 3rd republic that endures to this day.

Scavenger Hunt

Our scavenger hunt is a self-guided walking tour of the see you can do on your smartphone. Over 3 hours, it’ll take you to all the significant sites, teach you some history, and challenge you with puzzles and various questions.

Find out more about our Lisbon Tourist Scavenger Hunt on the info page.

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History of Montmartre, Paris

Paris, Things to do in Montmartre history

In creating our Montmartre Tourist Scavenger Hunt, we dug into the city’s history so as to properly contextualize our tour. It is important for us. At most of the 30 stops along the tour, we explain the history of a site, monument, or person. This allows us to fully show you their significance.

This Montmartre tourist scavenger hunt points out many places where well-known artists have lived and worked.

History of Montmartre

Paris, Things to do in Montmartre historyMontmartre means Mount of Mars in Latin. The name dates to Merovingian times. People have settled here since the Gallo-Roman times. 3rd-century coins were found in an excavation at the Church of Saint-Pierre. Another excavation at the Fontaine-du-But found the remains of a Roman bath from the 2nd century.

The Butte owes its religious importance to Saint-Denis, a legendary 3rd-century Christian martyr who was bishop of Paris. You will learn more about him on the Scavenger Hunt.

In 1134, King Louis VI bought a chapel here and built the Church of Saint-Pierre de Montmartre which stands to this day next to the Sacré-Coeur. Historic abbeys and convents built around this time were demolished during the French Revolution of 1790.

By the 15th century, there were many vineyards on the slopes of Montmartre. In the 16th century arose windmills here to grind wheat, barley, and rye. There were up to 13 mills although by the late 1800s only two remained, one of which is the Moulin Rouge.

At the time of the French Revolution, Montmartre was just outside the Paris city limits. Gypsum was mined on Montmartre from the Gallo-Roman period until 1860.

In 1814, Russian soldiers occupied Montmartre and used the hill for artillery. In 1870, under the Third Republic, Montmartre was included in Paris’ 18th arrondissement (neighborhood).

The construction of the Basilica du Sacré-Coeur (1876-1919) required special foundations that went 40 meters down which forced the end of the mining. Around this time is when Montmartre took on its more artistic and bohemian flavor (la Belle Époque 1872-1914). The Butte was now covered with cafés, bistros, cabarets, and guinguette (cross between a beer garden, but for wine, a restaurant and dance venue).

Scavenger Hunt

Our scavenger hunt is a self-guided walking tour of the see you can do on your smartphone. Over 3 hours, it’ll take you to all the significant sites, teach you some history, and challenge you with puzzles and various questions. You’ll never walk more than 5 minutes between stops. Take as long, or as little, as you wish as you’re in control of your page on this adventure. Above all, we hope you have fun!

Learn more about the Montmartre Tourist Scavenger Hunt on our description page.

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History of Rotterdam, Netherlands

Things to do in Rotterdam, Netherlands History

In creating our Rotterdam Tourist Scavenger Hunt, we dug into the city’s history so as to properly contextualize our tour. It is important for us. At most of the 25 stops along the tour, we explain the history of a site, monument, or person. This allows us to fully show you their significance.

Rotterdam is a major port city in the Netherlands within the Rhine-Meuse-Scheldt river delta at the North Sea.

History of Rotterdam

Things to do in Rotterdam, Netherlands HistoryThe city’s history starts in 1270 when a great dam was built on the Rotte river (hence, Rotterdam). This dam was, in fact, the connecting of many fiefdoms’ protective walls into a single great wall. Indeed, these walls, built up over time, served to protect against flooding.

However, this city can trace its origins further back. All the way to 900 AD when early settlements established around the Rotte estuary. These were part of the Holy Roman (German) Empire.

In 1340, Rotterdam finally received “city rights” by the Count of Holland. It could then start to expand. Various power struggles emerged for control of the city in the following 150 years. Then, the city became involved in the Eighty Year War between the Low Countries and Spain. This conflict stagnated growth but the following period saw prosperity as trade with England, France, America, and Spain increased into the 18th century. The city was occupied by the French from 1795 to 1813 and succumbed to a recession at this time. Fast growth took hold once more when the French left as the exploration of Africa brought in new trade. At this time, the city outgrew its walls and expanded not only beyond, but across the river as well.

Rotterdam almost didn’t survive WWII as it was the subject of an early German invasion and bombings in 1940. Allied air forces later bombed the city to drive out the Germans. The city was almost completely reconstructed following WWII and boasts bold, modern architecture. Nowadays, Rotterdam is home to almost 635 000 people and is Europe’s largest port.

Scavenger Hunt

Our scavenger hunt is a self-guided walking tour of the see you can do on your smartphone. Over 3 hours, it’ll take you to all the significant sites, teach you some history, and challenge you with puzzles and various questions.

Find out more about our Rotterdam Tourist Scavenger Hunt on the info page.

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Things to do in Fredericton, New Brunswick

Things to do in Fredericton, History of Fredericton

Are you looking for things to do in Fredericton, New Brunswick? This Scavenger Hunt takes you on a self-guided walking tour, with challenges through the heart of the city.

See all the sights while having fun and learning some history! You will walk from the New Brunswick Legislative Assembly to Science East, Officer’s Square, City Hall and back again. All the while, you’ll take numerous side trips to discover more sites while taking on various challenges. Our Fredericton Tourist Scavenger Hunt was developed and tested in August 2018.

You will start your adventure in front of the Fredericton Convention Center and the Playhouse. Follow the instructions on your smartphone to solve challenges and get instructions to your next destination. The challenges are varied in difficulty and types to keep you entertained. They’re good for all ages.

You should plan a good 3 hours for this activity, wear comfortable shoes and be certain your phone is fully charged. As well, you’ll need a data plan as WiFi will not be enough. Further, a street map and bottled water could come in handy.

Things to do in Fredericton? See the sites!

Things to do in Fredericton, History of FrederictonOver your 2-hour adventure through the city, you will see:

  • Science East
  • Fredericton Museum
  • New Brunswick Legislative Assembly
  • Beaverbrook Art Gallery
  • Christ Church Cathedral
  • Officer’s Square
  • Old Government House
  • Wilmot Park
  • John River
  • Westmorland Bridge
  • Riverfront Trail
  • Fredericton Boyce Farmers Market
  • And more

Scavenger Hunt

Our scavenger hunt is a self-guided walking tour of the see you can do on your smartphone. Over 3 hours, it’ll take you to all the significant sites, teach you some history, and challenge you with puzzles and various questions. You’ll never walk more than 5 minutes between stops. Take as long, or as little, as you wish as you’re in control of your page on this adventure. Above all, we hope you have fun!

Learn more about the Fredericton Tourist Scavenger Hunt on our description page.

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COVID-19 update for Tourist Scavenger Hunt

COVID19 update

COVID19 updateWe wish to keep you informed about our status during the COVID-19 outbreak. More specifically, we want to reassure our clients, and those planning to try a scavenger hunt in the coming weeks.

First off, rest assured that we are currently free of the virus. We live on the South Shore of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. As of March 13, 3 pm, there are only 17 confirmed cases in Quebec. Extraordinary measures have already been taken by the government to prevent things from getting out of hand.

We care about your safety and your health. As such, we don’t only comply with our government’s recommendation. We are paying close attention to those of the governments where we operate as well. That includes the United States, France, Netherlands, Portugal, Austria, Hungary, and the Czech Republic.

Scavenger Hunt Status

Our scavenger hunts will remain available throughout this crisis. Our activity is one you engage in with 1 to 5 other persons for a period of approximately 3 hours. 

There is no expiry date on your scavenger hunt. Should you choose not to do it now because of the outbreak, we totally understand.

You can do it anytime in the future, at your leisure.

However, we recognize some of you have bought our activity as part of a trip that you may have canceled. Know that we will honor all requests to transfer your purchase for any other scavenger hunt of your choosing.

Large crowds

As our activities normally lead you through important tourist locations, you would normally encounter many people, Times Square, Place Jacques Cartier, Praça do Comércio, Sacré-Coeur de Montmartre and Fisherman’s Wharf are such examples.

Governments have forbidden events and gatherings of over 250 people. Due to the current situation, we believe you are unlikely to encounter large crowds along your scavenger hunt, should you wish to proceed to do so at this time.

Sanitary conditions

As we are not responsible for the cleanliness of the public places our activity leads you through, we encourage you to stay safe by wearing gloves and avoid touching the various monuments and info-signs we identify. 

Further, we encourage you to refrain from using handrails, unless you are wearing gloves. You don’t know who touched them before you, and whether or not they were infected.

Customer Support

Our customer support will remain available throughout this period, as it normally is.

You can reach us through our online form, by email at info@touristscavengerhunt.com, by phone at 514-949-5201, or by text at 475-215-1013.

We are here to answer any questions you may have.

Our Plans

As the level of activity decreases during this time, we’re making the most of that newly available time.

We will be making available in the coming weeks English versions for the following scavenger hunts :

  • Vienna Ringstrass
  • Vienna Historic Center
  • Prague Old City
  • Prague Castle
  • Amsterdam

Further, we are, so far, planning on developing many new scavenger hunts in the UK, 1 in Philadelphia, 2 in New York City, and 1 in Brussels, which we will test this summer. 

This is of course if the situation takes a turn for the better. Otherwise, they will be tested at a later date.

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Things to do in Moncton, New Brunswick

things to do in Moncton, history of Moncton

Are you looking for things to do in Moncton, New Brunswick? This Scavenger Hunt takes you on a self-guided walking tour, with challenges through the heart of the city.

See all the sights while having fun and learning some history! You will walk from the Moncton Public Library to Riverfront Park, to the Aberdeen Centre by way of the Moncton Events Center. All the while, you’ll take numerous side trips to discover more sites while taking on various challenges. Our Moncton Tourist Scavenger Hunt was developed and tested in August 2018.

You will start your adventure in front of the Marriott Beauséjour. Follow the instructions on your smartphone to solve challenges and get instructions to your next destination. The challenges are varied in difficulty and types to keep you entertained. They’re good for all ages.

You should plan a good 3 hours for this activity, wear comfortable shoes and be certain your phone is fully charged. As well, you’ll need a data plan as WiFi will not be enough. Further, a street map and bottled water could come in handy.

Things to do in Moncton? See the sites!

things to do in Moncton, history of MonctonOver your 3-hour adventure through the city, you will see:

  • Bore View Park
  • Riverfront Park
  • Resurgo Place
  • Capitol Theatre
  • City Hall
  • Municipal Court
  • Moncton Market
  • Parc des arts du Sommet
  • Moncton Events Center
  • Théâtre l’Escaouette
  • Aberdeen Centre
  • And more

Scavenger Hunt

Our scavenger hunt is a self-guided walking tour of the see you can do on your smartphone. Over 3 hours, it’ll take you to all the significant sites, teach you some history, and challenge you with puzzles and various questions. You’ll never walk more than 5 minutes between stops. Take as long, or as little, as you wish as you’re in control of your page on this adventure. Above all, we hope you have fun!

Learn more about the Moncton Tourist Scavenger Hunt on our description page.