Posted on Leave a comment

History of Fredericton, New Brunswick

Things to do in Fredericton

In creating our Fredericton Tourist Scavenger Hunt, we dug into the city’s history so as to properly contextualize our tour. It is important for us. At most of the 38 stops along the tour, we explain the history of a site, monument, or person. This allows us to fully show you their significance.

Ancient History of Fredericton

Things to do in FrederictonFredericton is the capital of the province of New Brunswick on the Saint John River. It has a population of 105,000.

Archaeological settlements have been excavated in the area dating back 12,000 years. First Nations Maliseet operated farms here along the Saint John River until the 19th century. Their village Aucpaque was a few miles north of where Fredericton is right now.

The first colonizers were the French at the end of the 17th century. Joseph Robineau de Billebon was the first governor of Acadia (here) in 1690 and established Fort Nashwaak on the north side of the river. An important flood forced the abandonment of the fort was in 1700.

In 1732, other Acadians arrived to establish a village (Pointe Sainte-Anne) south of the river, fleeing the English who had taken Nova Scotia in 1710. By cons, in 1762 the British captured and burned the village, then expelled the Acadians during the seven-year war (1756-1763). In fact, in 1783, loyalist Americans relocated here after the American Revolution (1765-1783).

In 1784, St. Anne’s Point became the capital of New Brunswick, a British province newly separated from Nova Scotia. It has become the capital instead of Saint John because it is further from the US border, making it safer.

His name was changed to Frederick’s Town, then Fredericton in 1785, in honor of the 2nd son of King George III, Prince Frederick Augustus, Duke of York.

Recent History

Fire destroyed the first Legislative Assembly of 1788 in 1880. Rebuilding began 2 years later and remains active until today.

The city amalgamated the village of Devon in 1945, then other villages in 1973.

Scavenger Hunt

Our scavenger hunt is a self-guided walking tour of the see you can do on your smartphone. Over 2 hours, it’ll take you to all the significant sites, teach you some history, and challenge you with puzzles and various questions.

Find out more about our Fredericton Tourist Scavenger Hunt on the info page.

Posted on Leave a comment

History of Moncton, Nova-Scotia

things to do in Moncton

In creating our Moncton Tourist Scavenger Hunt, we dug into the city’s history so as to properly contextualize our tour. It is important for us. At most of the 38 stops along the tour, we explain the history of a site, monument, or person. This allows us to fully show you their significance.

History of Moncton

things to do in MonctonMoncton is in New Brunswick’s southeast along the Petitcodiac River. Being in the center of Canada’s Atlantic provinces, Moncton is often referred to as “the hub” because of its easy access to ports, railway, airport, and highways leading both into the interior of the continent and out across the Atlantic.

It is the most populous city in New Brunswick when you count its metropolitan market, which includes the cities of Dieppe and Riverview.

Its origin goes back to a small Acadian village, before their deportation in 1755 to Louisiana. The village remained empty until 1766 when 8 families arrived to cultivate the region. The city bears the name of Lieutenant-Colonel Monckton who led the capture of Fort Beauséjour in 1755.

It was incorporated as a village in 1855 but lost that status in 1862 when shipbuilding techniques changed for steam rather than sailing and moved elsewhere. It became a village again in 1875, and then a city in 1890.

Scavenger Hunt

Our scavenger hunt is a self-guided walking tour of the see you can do on your smartphone. Over 2 hours, it’ll take you to all the significant sites, teach you some history, and challenge you with puzzles and various questions.

Find out more about our Moncton Tourist Scavenger Hunt on the info page.

Posted on Leave a comment

History of Midtown New York

things to do in Midtown Manhattan, New York

In creating our Midtown New York Tourist Scavenger Hunt, we dug into the city’s history so as to properly contextualize our tour. It is important for us. At most of the 38 stops along the tour, we explain the history of a site, monument, or person. This allows us to fully show you their significance.

History of Midtown New York

things to do in Midtown Manhattan, New YorkMidtown is the central portion of the borough of Manhattan, in New York City. It is home to many corporate headquarters including Barns & Noble, Bloomberg, Ernst & Young, Calvin Klein, DC Comics, Six Flags, along with several media companies and advertising agencies.

Many landmarks are also located in Midtown. Some of the landmarks not seen in our scavenger hunt include the Empire State Building, United Nations, and Plaza Hotel. As well, you’ll find nearby Madison Square Gardens, Carnegie Hall, and Pennsylvania Station.

Midtown is broken down into several neighborhoods including Hell’s Kitchen, Chelsea, Murray Hill, and Gramercy Park. Overlaid on top of these neighborhoods are several districts such as the business, theater, diamond, garment, and Meatpacking districts.

For the first 300 years, Lower Manhattan dominated New York’s economic life. However, that changed in the 1920s with the rebuilding of Grand Central Station into a Terminal, which ignited a capitalist revolution in Midtown. The construction and commercial boom transformed the area into an epicenter of American capitalism.

Scavenger Hunt

Our scavenger hunt is a self-guided walking tour of the see you can do on your smartphone. Over 3 hours, it’ll take you to all the significant sites, teach you some history, and challenge you with puzzles and various questions.

Find out more about our Midtown New York Tourist Scavenger Hunt on the info page.

Posted on Leave a comment

History of Halifax, Nova-Scotia

things to do in Halifax

In creating our Halifax Tourist Scavenger Hunt, we dug into the city’s history so as to properly contextualize our tour. It is important for us. At most of the 45 stops along the tour, we explain the history of a site, monument, or person. This allows us to fully show you their significance.

Halifax is the capital of Nova Scotia. The Citadel on the hill, overlooking the Atlantic Ocean, dominates the city. There are 2 major universities here: Dalhousie University and Saint Mary’s University.

History of Halifax

things to do in HalifaxHalifax is on the ancestral lands of the Mi’kmaq, one of Canada’s first nations. They were there, mainly for fishing, well before the arrival of Europeans.

The first colony settled in the peninsula near the current port. The city of Halifax, founded in 1749, is in fact named in honor of the 2nd Earl of Halifax. This led to the transfer of the colony’s capital here from Annapolis Royal.

The founding of the city started Father Le Loutre’s war because this colony broke the pact agreed with the Mi’kmaq in 1726. 13 ships of settlers and one sloop of war arrived simultaneously to establish and defend the colony.

Fortifications (the Citadel, among others) were erected to defend the new colony from the Mi’kmaq, Acadians, and French. Construction of other forts in Sackville, Dartmouth, and Lawrencetown occurred around the same time.

Disaster struck the city in 1917, during the Great War, as two ships, including one carrying munitions, collided very close to the port. The explosion devastated the Richmond district, killing 2,000 people and injuring 9,000 others.

Scavenger Hunt

Our scavenger hunt is a self-guided walking tour of the see you can do on your smartphone. Over 2 hours, it’ll take you to all the significant sites, teach you some history, and challenge you with puzzles and various questions.

Find out more about our Halifax Tourist Scavenger Hunt on the info page.

Posted on Leave a comment

History of Montreal

Things to do in Montreal Entertainment District, Quartier des Spectacles

In creating our  Montreal Tourist Scavenger Hunts, we dug into the city’s history so as to properly contextualize our tour. It is important for us. At most of the stops on our 5 available tours, we explain the history of a site, monument, or person. This allows us to fully show you their significance.

History of Montreal

Things to do in Montreal Entertainment District, Quartier des SpectaclesJacques Cartier discovered the island of Montreal during his second trip to America, where he happened upon the Iroquoian village of Hochelaga. Samuel de Champlain who explored the St. Lawrence River 70 years later discovered that these Iroquois had left. He established, then abandoned a trading post in 1611 in Old Montreal.

Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve founded Montreal in 1642. Maisonneuve’s name can be found throughout the city including a large park north of the Olympic Stadium in the east, as well as an important east-west artery that runs through the city center.

Montreal, the center of the hinterland at the time, passed from the French Empire to the British Empire in 1763. It was then inflated new Scottish and English Bourgeois, as well as British-American loyalists fleeing the American Revolution.

Montreal became important in the late 1800s when rail connections to New York, Toronto, and the Maritime Provinces were established. In 1860, it was the largest British municipality in America until the end of WWII, when Toronto took over.

It is the 2nd most populous city in Canada and the 1st in Quebec. It stands on an island in the St. Lawrence River which connects Lake Ontario to the Atlantic Ocean. Montreal is also the largest French-speaking city in the Americas. It is considered the second-largest French-speaking city in the world after Paris.

Did you know that Montreal celebrated its 375th anniversary in 2017?

Scavenger Hunt

Our scavenger hunt is a self-guided walking tour of the see you can do on your smartphone. Over 3 hours, it’ll take you to all the significant sites, teach you some history, and challenge you with puzzles and various questions.

Find out more about our Montreal Tourist Scavenger Hunts on their individual information pages:

Posted on Leave a comment

History of Lower Manhattan

things to do in Lower Manhattan, New York

In creating our Lower Manhattan Tourist Scavenger Hunt, we dug into the city’s history so as to properly contextualize our tour. It is important for us. At most of the 50 stops along the tour, we explain the history of a site, monument, or person. This allows us to fully show you their significance.

The financial district is also known as Lower Manhattan and Downtown New York. It encompasses the southern tip of Manhattan Island. This is where City Hall and many civic organizations are based. Lower Manhattan’s population is relatively small, at 61,000 in 2018.

Ancient History of Lower Manhattan

things to do in Lower Manhattan, New YorkThe first nations that inhabited the area we know as New York were the Lenape who spoke Algonquin.

The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle in Manhattan. In 1626 they set up a trading post here on the southern tip of the island and called it New Amsterdam. The first fort was built where Battery Park is today, to defend the fledgling colony named Fort Amsterdam. The Dutch imported African slaves as labor to build the fort and other defenses.

New Amsterdam was incorporated as a city on February 2, 1653.

In 1664, the United Kingdom conquered the area and renamed the city to New York, in honor of the Duke of York. The African population already accounted for 20% of New York in those early years. The growth of the city was gradual until 1775 when the American patriots started a revolution against Great Britain.

The Americans gained their independence from the United Kingdom in 1783. The first Congress met in New York, in Federal Hall on Wall Street, to write articles of confederation.

New York became the first capital of the United States between 1789 and 1790. The first Supreme Court sat here. As well, the United States Bill of Rights was written here.

Recent History

During its first 300 years, Lower Manhattan (the financial district) dominated the economic life of New York. However, this changed in the 1920s with the reconstruction of Grand Central Station into a terminal. This triggered a capitalist revolution in Midtown.

In the early 1900s, a construction boom saw the first skyscrapers built here: 40 Wall Street, Woolworth Building, 20 Exchange Place. The first underground train (subway) began in 1904, connecting neighborhoods and municipalities.

Lower Manhattan had a small boom in the 1950s, but it declined over the next decade. The development of the World Trade Center, which opened in 1974, was an important driver for revitalizing this neighborhood. The 917,000 m3 (1.2 million cubic yards) of excavated material served to extend Battery Park south by 210 meters (700 feet).

Since 1995, more than 15 million square feet of office space has been converted into housing and hotels. This has greatly helped in increasing the neighborhood’s population from 14,000 to 60,000 in 20 years.

On September 11, 2001, the twin towers of the World Trade Center fell after each being struck by a hijacked plane. Their destruction caused enormous damage to the surrounding buildings.

It took 10 years before the neighborhood regained its economic strength and joie de vivre. But in 2012, Hurricane Sandy ravaged the waterfront and Lower Manhattan with flooding.

Scavenger Hunt

Our scavenger hunt is a self-guided walking tour of the see you can do on your smartphone. Over 3 hours, it’ll take you to all the significant sites, teach you some history, and challenge you with puzzles and various questions.

Find out more about our Lower Manhattan Tourist Scavenger Hunt on the info page.